Selecting instance types

Let’s use our newly acquired knowledge around Spark executor sizing in order to select the EC2 instance types that will be used in our EMR cluster. We determined that in order to be flexible and allow running on multiple instance types, we will submit our Spark application with "–executor-memory=18GB –executor-cores=4".

To apply the instance diversification best practices while meeting the application constraints defined in the previous section, we can add different instance sizes from the current generation, such as R5 and R4. We can even include variants, such as R5d instance types (local NVMe-based SSDs) and R5a instance types (powered by AMD processors).

There are over 500 different instance types available on EC2 which can make the process of selecting appropriate instance types types difficult. amazon-ec2-instance-selector helps you select compatible instance types for your application to run on. The command line interface can be passed resource criteria like vCPUs, memory, network performance, and much more and then return the available, matching instance types.

We will use amazon-ec2-instance-selector to help us select the relevant instance types with sufficient number of vCPUs and RAM.

Let’s first install amazon-ec2-instance-selector on Cloud9 IDE:

curl -Lo ec2-instance-selector https://github.com/aws/amazon-ec2-instance-selector/releases/download/v2.3.2/ec2-instance-selector-`uname | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]'`-amd64 && chmod +x ec2-instance-selector
sudo mv ec2-instance-selector /usr/local/bin/
ec2-instance-selector --version

Now that you have ec2-instance-selector installed, you can run ec2-instance-selector --help, to understand how you could use it for selecting instance types that match your workload requirements.

For the purpose of this workshop we will select instance types based on below criteria:

  • Instances that have minimum 4 vCPUs and maximum 16 vCPUs
  • Instances which have vCPU to Memory ratio of 1:8, same as R instance family
  • Instances with CPU Architecture x86_64 and no GPU instance types.
  • Instances that belong to current generation
  • Exclude instance types that are not supported by EMR by adding –service emr-5.xx.0 flag. Set the correct Release label of EMR, it should match the EMR version you will choose later during cluster creation steps.
  • Exclude enhanced instance types (z, I and D ) that are priced higher than R family. So basically, adding a deny list with a regular expression ^[zid].*.

Click here to find out the instance types that Amazon EMR supports .

Run the following command with above mentioned criteria, to get the list of instance types. You need to change the EMR release label to match your cluster version.

ec2-instance-selector --vcpus-min 4  --vcpus-max 16  --vcpus-to-memory-ratio 1:8 --cpu-architecture x86_64 --current-generation --gpus 0 --service emr-5.36.0 --deny-list '^[zid].*'

Internally ec2-instance-selector is making calls to the DescribeInstanceTypes for the specific region and filtering the instance types based on the criteria selected in the command line. Above command should display a list like the one that follows (note results might differ depending on the region). We will use below instance types as part of our EMR Core and Task instance fleets.

r4.2xlarge
r4.4xlarge
r4.xlarge
r5.2xlarge
r5.4xlarge
r5.xlarge
r5a.2xlarge
r5a.4xlarge
r5a.xlarge
r5b.2xlarge
r5b.4xlarge
r5b.xlarge
r5d.2xlarge
r5d.4xlarge
r5d.xlarge
r5dn.2xlarge
r5dn.4xlarge
r5dn.xlarge     

You are encouraged to test other options that ec2-instance-selector provides and run a few commands with it to familiarize yourself with the tool. For example, try running the same commands as you did before with the extra parameter --output table-wide.